Growing up in a rural area, I've ridden in a variety of recreation machines. I'll never forget going over bumpy ground in my friend's go-cart. Although I wasn't overly adventurous, I think of the times I could have killed myself on that thing. Adults now classify this activity that was childhood fun as a sport, with grownup versions of the go-cart called a superkart. So, what is a superkart?
According to NationMaster.com, superkarts are defined as a "250 cc engine karts, the fastest category in Kart racing, but also includes 125 cc karts that race on full size car circuits." These vehicles frequently have faster lap times than advanced racing machines. The difference between a superkart and other karts is their full aerodynamic bodykits, racing on circuits of over 1,500 meters. The engines are custom designed or production motorcycle engines.
Superkarts aerodynamic bodywork, including its front fairing, large sidepods, rear wings, and the size of their tires and wheels, is the reason for their ability to reach high speeds and turn corners effectively. It has a small engine, 2-stroke 250 cc, and produces 95 hp, higher than a Chevy Corvette. It can go from 0 to 60 mph in less than three seconds and can reach speeds of 155 mph. Even though it can reach such high speeds in such a short time, the superkart can stop in approximately two seconds.
The superkart circuit is the greenest of the racing circuits. Unlike other race cars, they are faster and cheaper and use less vehicle fluids than other sports of its nature. It has the unique distinction of being "one of the most Green MotorSports" in the world, thus reducing its carbon footprint in the environment. The sport has three main divisions in the world, British, Australian and United States.
The British division is subdivided into Division One and Division Two racing. In Division One racing, or Formula E, 250 cc karts "with one or two cylinders and five or six speed gearboxes" can enter. These karts reach speeds of 160 mph. Division Two, or 250 National, allow single cylinder karts with "five and six speed boxes." They reach speeds of 140 mph. They are lighter than the karts used in Division One, making them turn easier on winding tracks.
The Australian Supercart classes fall into three categories, 250 cc International, 250 cc National, and 125 cc Gearbox. The 250 cc International or 250 twins, utilize "twin cylinder Grand Prix motorcycle engines." The 250 cc National, or National Class Superkarts, rely on 250 cc MotoX engines. The 125 cc Gearbox has a smaller chasse than the 250s, containing a 125 cc Grand Prix motorcycle engine. They all contain "6 speed sequential gearboxes."
The U. S. Superkart Classes falls into three categories, as well, the 250 cc Formula E or FE, 250 cc Inter-Continental E or ICE and Chassis. The Formula E or FE contains a "twin cylinder, 6-speed, liquid cooled Grand Prix motorcycleor made for karting engines." Inter-Continental E or ICE has Grand Prix engines, as well, but with single cylinders. Chassis, many of them imported, are used by the division of the same name.
Because these vehicles use green energy to run, they could affect other types of racing. It's amazing to me that something I did as a kid is now an international sport. This should give hope to all those kids who ride their go-carts on back road or go-cart parks.