Cricket is a wonderful sport consisting of two teams each playing with eleven chosen players. Each batsman will wear a pair of pads which are worn cover the thigh and legs area. The ball is a red or white coloured leather woven ball.
The Different formats of Cricket. There are four to five day test matches involving national, league and county cricket sides. The test matches have each team participating in two innings. A one day match is one innings per side, and a twenty twenty match is twenty overs a side.
The Overall Principles to which cricket is played is as follows:
A toss of a coin decides which team bats or bowls first. Upon the outcome of the heads or tails outcome, 2 batsmen from the team batting first will take to the crease to build a total for his team to defend when they are fielding. The team with the highest number of runs during the duration of the match is the winner. If at the end of a match there is no outcome, for example if the match is rained off, or the team batting last in a test match are still batting to salvage something out of the match, then it is a draw.
Generally a match can be called off, or play stopped due to bad light, or heavy rain showers. The decision rests with the match officials, including the umpire in these poor weather conditions.
At the crease of the pitch are two batsman. one is the ball striker, and the other stands at the batsman’s non striking end. Each batsman can score runs using his bat in a number of ways. The ball can push or play the ball to score single runs, two, three, four or six runs depending on the quality of the shot played.
Ways a batsman is given out. A direct hit from the ball thrown that results in the bails or the stumps being dislodged. Secondly a ball delivered by the bowler that results in the batsmen hitting the ball with some form of edge hit, the fielder catches the ball before it hits the ground is also a dismissal. When the cricket ball is in play, should either wicket be hit via a direct or indirect throw by a fielder, should either runner be out of the crease when the ball hits and dislodges the stumps then batsman concerned will have to walk off the pitch. Also if a batsman hits his own wicket when facing a delivery then again the player is deemed out.
The leg before wicket rule is more complex, the umpires has to decide if the ball bowled to the batsman is delivered in line with the stumps. Also in a split second decision the umpire has to decide if the ball faced would have gone on to hit the middle stump. In interpretation of leg before wicket rules, a batsman cant be given out if it is bowled too wide, or if it looks like it is going down the leg side. Some harsh and controversial decisions have been made over the years. Though as the umpire decision is final, it does not matter how much complaining and resistance a batsman makes, or excessive appealing a bowler makes. Once the umpire is satisfied that a ball would have hit the wicket, then once his hand is raised, the batsman must go.
The batting side when the eleven players are all out, signifies the end of the innings. This results in the opposing team chasing a total to win, or it results in the end of the match.